#include <db_cxx.h>

extern "C" { typedef void *(*db_malloc_fcn_type)(size_t); typedef void *(*db_realloc_fcn_type)(void *, size_t); typedef void *(*db_free_fcn_type)(void *); };

int DbEnv::set_alloc(db_malloc_fcn_type app_malloc, db_realloc_fcn_type app_realloc, db_free_fcn_type app_free);


Set the allocation functions used by the DbEnv and Db methods to allocate or free memory owned by the application.

There are a number of interfaces in Berkeley DB where memory is allocated by the library and then given to the application. For example, the DB_DBT_MALLOC flag, when specified in the Dbt object, will cause the Db methods to allocate and reallocate memory which then becomes the responsibility of the calling application. (See Dbt for more information.) Other examples are the Berkeley DB interfaces which return statistical information to the application: Db::stat, DbEnv::lock_stat, DbEnv::log_archive, DbEnv::log_stat, DbEnv::memp_stat, and DbEnv::txn_stat. There is one interface in the Berkeley DB where memory is allocated by the application and then given to the library: Db::associate.

On systems in which there may be multiple library versions of the standard allocation routines (notably Windows NT), transferring memory between the library and the application will fail because the Berkeley DB library allocates memory from a different heap than the application uses to free it. To avoid this problem, the DbEnv::set_alloc and Db::set_alloc methods can be used to pass Berkeley DB references to the application's allocation routines.

It is not an error to specify only one or two of the possible allocation function arguments to these interfaces; however, in that case the specified interfaces must be compatible with the standard library interfaces, as they will be used together. The methods specified must match the calling conventions of the ANSI C X3.159-1989 (ANSI C) library routines of the same name.

The DbEnv::set_alloc method configures operations performed using the specified DbEnv handle, not all operations performed on the underlying database environment.

The DbEnv::set_alloc interface may not be called after the DbEnv::open interface is called.

The DbEnv::set_alloc method either returns a non-zero error value or throws an exception that encapsulates a non-zero error value on failure, and returns 0 on success.


The DbEnv::set_alloc method may fail and throw an exception or return a non-zero error for the following conditions:

An invalid flag value or parameter was specified.

Called after DbEnv::open was called.

The DbEnv::set_alloc method may fail and throw an exception or return a non-zero error for errors specified for other Berkeley DB and C library or system methods. If a catastrophic error has occurred, the DbEnv::set_alloc method may fail and either return DB_RUNRECOVERY or throw a DbRunRecoveryException, in which case all subsequent Berkeley DB calls will fail in the same way.



See Also

Database Environments and Related Methods


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