#include <db_cxx.h>

class DbException { public: int get_errno() const; virtual const char *what() const; };


This manual page describes the DbException class and how it is used by the various Berkeley DB classes.

Most methods in the Berkeley DB classes return an int, but also throw an exception. This allows for two different error behaviors. By default, the Berkeley DB C++ API is configured to throw an exception whenever a serious error occurs. This generally allows for cleaner logic for transaction processing because a try block can surround a single transaction. Alternatively, Berkeley DB can be configured to not throw exceptions, and instead have the individual function return an error code, by setting the DB_CXX_NO_EXCEPTIONS for the Db and DbEnv constructors.

A DbException object contains an informational string and an errno. The errno can be obtained by using DbException::get_errno. The informational string can be obtained by using DbException::what.

We expect in the future that this class will inherit from the standard class exception, but certain language implementation bugs currently prevent this on some platforms.

Some methods may return non-zero values without issuing an exception. This occurs in situations that are not normally considered an error, but when some informational status is returned. For example, Db::get returns DB_NOTFOUND when a requested key does not appear in the database.


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