#include <db.h>

int DB_ENV->lock_vec(DB_ENV *env, u_int32_t locker, u_int32_t flags, DB_LOCKREQ list[], int nlist, DB_LOCKREQ **elistp);


The DB_ENV->lock_vec method atomically obtains and releases one or more locks from the lock table. The DB_ENV->lock_vec method is intended to support acquisition or trading of multiple locks under one lock table semaphore, as is needed for lock coupling or in multigranularity locking for lock escalation.

The locker argument specified to DB_ENV->lock_vec is an unsigned 32-bit integer quantity. It represents the entity requesting or releasing the locks.

The flags value must be set to 0 or the following value:

If a lock cannot be granted because the requested lock conflicts with an existing lock, return DB_LOCK_NOTGRANTED immediately instead of waiting for the lock to become available. In this case, if non-NULL, elistp identifies the request that was not granted.

The list array provided to DB_ENV->lock_vec is typedef'd as DB_LOCKREQ. A DB_LOCKREQ structure has at least the following fields. In order to ensure compatibility with future releases of Berkeley DB, all fields of the DB_LOCKREQ structure that are not explicitly set should be initialized to 0 before the first time the structure is used. Do this by declaring the structure external or static, or by calling memset(3).

lockop_t op;
The operation to be performed, which must be set to one of the following values:

Get the lock defined by the values of the mode and obj structure fields, for the specified locker. Upon return from DB_ENV->lock_vec, if the lock field is non-NULL, a reference to the acquired lock is stored there. (This reference is invalidated by any call to DB_ENV->lock_vec or DB_ENV->lock_put that releases the lock.)

Identical to DB_LOCK_GET except that the value in the timeout structure field overrides any previously specified timeout value for this lock. A value of 0 turns off any previously specified timeout.

The lock to which the lock structure field refers is released. The locker argument, and mode and obj fields are ignored.

All locks held by the specified locker are released. The lock, mode, and obj structure fields are ignored. Locks acquired in operations performed by the current call to DB_ENV->lock_vec which appear before the DB_LOCK_PUT_ALL operation are released; those acquired in operations appearing after the DB_LOCK_PUT_ALL operation are not released.

All locks held on the object obj are released. The locker argument and the lock and mode structure fields are ignored. Locks acquired in operations performed by the current call to DB_ENV->lock_vec that appear before the DB_LOCK_PUT_OBJ operation are released; those acquired in operations appearing after the DB_LOCK_PUT_OBJ operation are not released.

Cause the specified locker to timeout immediately. If the database environment has not configured automatic deadlock detection, the transaction will timeout the next time deadlock detection is performed. As transactions acquire locks on behalf of a single locker ID, timing out the locker ID associated with a transaction will time out the transaction itself.

DB_LOCK lock;
A lock reference.

const lockmode_t mode;
The lock mode, used as an index into the environment's lock conflict matrix. When using the default lock conflict matrix, mode must be set to one of the following values:

read (shared)
write (exclusive)
intention to write (shared)
intention to read (shared)
intention to read and write (shared)

See DB_ENV->set_lk_conflicts and Standard Lock Modes for more information on the lock conflict matrix.

const DBT obj;
An untyped byte string that specifies the object to be locked or released. Applications using the locking subsystem directly while also doing locking via the Berkeley DB access methods must take care not to inadvertently lock objects that happen to be equal to the unique file IDs used to lock files. See Access method locking conventions for more information.

u_int32_t timeout;
The lock timeout value.

The nlist argument specifies the number of elements in the list array.

If any of the requested locks cannot be acquired, or any of the locks to be released cannot be released, the operations before the failing operation are guaranteed to have completed successfully, and DB_ENV->lock_vec returns a non-zero value. In addition, if elistp is not NULL, it is set to point to the DB_LOCKREQ entry that was being processed when the error occurred.

Otherwise, the DB_ENV->lock_vec method returns a non-zero error value on failure and 0 on success.


The DB_ENV->lock_vec method may fail and return a non-zero error for the following conditions:

The operation was selected to resolve a deadlock.

An invalid flag value or parameter was specified.

The maximum number of locks has been reached.

The DB_ENV->lock_vec method may fail and return a non-zero error for errors specified for other Berkeley DB and C library or system functions. If a catastrophic error has occurred, the DB_ENV->lock_vec method may fail and return DB_RUNRECOVERY, in which case all subsequent Berkeley DB calls will fail in the same way.



See Also

Locking Subsystem and Related Methods


Copyright Sleepycat Software